Wednesday 12 March 2014

Riga, Sunday March 16th 2014:

Riga (now the EU’s “Capital of European Culture”) Really did Allow Yet Another City-Centre Waffen SS Celebration on March 16th!


Waffen SS march in Riga 2013
Glorifying Hitlerist Waffen SS units at the 2013 march in central Riga

See latest photo reportage covering all three Baltic Neo-Nazi marches this year, Kaunas 16 February Vilnius 11 March, Riga 16 March 2014 .  The reportage is accompanied by an interview with Dr Efraim Zuroff on Salford City Radio, 24 March 2014 and MEP Richard Howitt's speech condemning the SS march in Riga, read out on Salford City radio station,17 March 2014. The politics of history 17.6.2014 opinion by
Evaldas Balčiūnas

The Neocons and Holocaust Revisionism in Eastern Europe - Jewish Currents by Dovid Katz  Part One July 22, 2014

 See also: YouTube video, Monica Lowenberg’s article and interview (with 2013 images). Defending History sections: Latviamarches, articles by Monica Lowenberg; in Hope Not Hate

“If any government wants to endorse these kind of actions then there is cause for concern” — Glyn Ford, UK MEP


Simply a traditional symbol or swastika whilst drumming to the tune of the SS ? March 16, 2014

Excellent photo reportage of the protesters and the marchers

Dr Efraim Zuroff on Salford City radio 24.03.2014, talking about the Baltic marching to a dangerous drum.   08.11-22.19mon19 Monday 24 March

'Dr Efraim Zuroff  speaking about the SS at 50.22-52.50  'Politicians who attend these events should be re-educated or fired'.
   The beginning of the clip also shows the German anti fascists and the problems they encountered

Council of Europe (§ 87)
Report by Dr Gregor Gysi in the Bundestag 24.04.2012

The Board of Deputies of British Jews  Jewish Manifesto for the 2014 European Elections

For a copy of the Manifesto please click here.  see in particular post Holocaust issues section 3
2014 News From Around The World as of  17.03.2014

ENCOURAGING DEVELOPMENTS ( in relation to previous years): Latvian Government advised people to stay away, forbade ministers from attending and sacked the one who did. Latvian MP Nikolajs Kabanovs and journalist Juris Kaža visited Latvia Without Nazism protest conference in gestures of dialogue and reconciliation. British MEP Richard Howitt’s statement was read out at the conference.

DISCOURAGING: Peaceful protesters were moved to site further from Liberty Monument (Monument of Freedom), leaving them unseen and unheard; bus of German anti-fascists held at (Schengen!) border for hours; Latvia Without Fascism’s “round table” conference harassed by manipulated denials of nearby hotels for the tranquil annual “round table” event. Four Latvian MPs  (E. Cilinskis, J. Dombrava, R. Dzintars, I. Parādnieks) attended the Waffen SS fest.

FOREIGN MONITORS included Dr. Efraim Zuroff (Wiesenthal Center), group of Berlin-based anti-fascist intellectuals and Defending History.

MEDIA: APAFP (in Arutz Sheva); Thomson ReutersBBC

BBC UK  with many links to articles, photo reportages and you tube clips

This is a report  by a right wing TV station in Riga, it focuses on the German  anti fascist group who were repeatedly hindered by Latvian authorities from protesting, delayed for hours at Schengen border and on the 16 March 2014 removed to a site away from the monument of freedom where in the main they were unseen and unheard   see  from 4.36

 On the Otherhand

Here a report from German fascists who felt very welcomed at the march and  according to their report made many new 'friends' in Riga:

A month before the march

And  Then Just Before the March and on the Day

Global Post” (UK) –  From 2012 but as pertinent as ever  Eastern Europe’s Hitler Nostalgia by Michael Goldfarb

 MEP Richard Howitt's statement opposing the SS march today in Riga  read out 17.03.2014 by Jeff Lewis on
Salford City Radio, 94.4FM, 7-8pm and will, for a week following the show, be on the Jewish Hour page on the Salford City Radio website, click on "Listen again":
For other ways to listen live, see  website:

 from  25.07-27.06

British MEP Richard Howitt, European Parliament Spokesperson on Human Rights, Issues Statement on Riga Waffen SS March

Richard Howitt, British Labour Member of the European Parliament, and spokesperson for the European Parliament Human Rights Sub-Committee today issued the following text of his statement which will be read out in Riga this Sunday March 16th.

Today brings the seventeenth annual march in Riga, Latvia glorifying Waffen SS forces from the Nazi era which brought death and destruction to our continent and which today’s European Union was supposed to consign to history.
I am pleased to hear that the Latvian Government has forbidden Ministers from attending the march this year, but condemn the Latvian High Court’s decision of 2013, forcing the Riga Mayor to apologise for all the years of trying to ban it.
Coming from Britain, I am saddened that the governing Conservative Party from my country chooses to ally itself in a common European Group with the Latvian “For Fatherland and Freedom Party,” whose Member of the European Parliament is on record as supporting this sickening celebration, even supporting its previous status as a public holiday in the country.
I am also shocked at the report that the British Conservative MEP who was head of his European group in 2012, is reported to have personally refused to sign the petition against the celebration , despite 7,000 people worldwide having done so.
The party of Government of my country should not sit with a party which has proposed the Waffen SS troops be renamed “liberation fighters.”
They are a scar on my own country.
What they should remember is that almost all of Latvia’s 70,000 Jews were murdered during the Holocaust.
Whether local boys were forced to don the SS uniforms or were eager volunteers, celebration of their actions not only insults the memory of the victims but also honours Nazism itself.
Today, the British Labour Party stands with all victims of the Second World War, all who condemn fascism, all who oppose antisemitism and other forms of racism, to express our horror at those who seek to rewrite history in order to justify those who would spread bitterness, hate and division in a new century.
This year sees the 100 years centenary since the beginning of the First World War, and people throughout Europe will come together to remember the horrors of both wars of the twentieth century and celebrate the fact fascism was defeated and not victorious.
When survivors of Nazi concentration camps in 1945 stood holding signs saying “never again,” they could not have foreseen what is happening today in Riga. These are the people we should be commemorating and this is the message we should remember.
Report on Latvia by the ECRI calling a halt to all forms of Nazi glorification February 21,2012

In the framework of its statutory activities, ECRI conducts country-by-country monitoring work, which analyses the situation in each of the member States regarding racism and intolerance and draws up suggestions and proposals for dealing with the problems identified. In the report on Latvia published on February 21, 2012 ECRI expresses concern as regards the authorisation of certain public events to commemorate two incidents and the authorities’ reaction in this connection. As concerns the first incident, every year, on 16 March, a gathering commemorating soldiers who fought in a Latvian unit of the Waffen SS is held in the centre of Riga. In this connection, ECRI regrets that, in spring 2010, an administrative district court overruled a decision of the Riga City Council 27 prohibiting this march. Moreover, ECRI is concerned that the speaker of the Latvian Parliament allegedly publicly expressed regret for the formal prohibition of this event and that certain MPs have voted for the restoration of March 16 as day of remembrance.
Dialogues with Latvian ambassadors in London and Berlin since 2012
    Meeting with Latvian Ambassador  Teikman in London
    Alex Brummer (Vice president of the Board of Deputies of British Jews), alongside Public Affairs International Officer Joseph Moses and Deputy Alex Faiman met with the Latvian Ambassador. The meeting was held in a positive atmosphere. Discussions began surrounding the Jewish Community’s EU Manifesto, with the Ambassador intrigued by the document. They also raised concerns surrounding the annual 16th March SS march through Riga. Ambassador Teikman is assured us that there would be no government officials taking part and that the government condemned Nazi ideology. There was general agreement on the importance of Holocaust education. 

    The Board of Deputies of British Jews , Jewish Manifesto for the 2014 European Elections 
    For a copy of the Manifesto please click here.

    See in particular section 3, Post Holocaust issues sections 3.3 Holocaust revisionism

    In Europe, the 2008 Prague Declaration caused alarm among many Jewish communities by conflating crimes under Soviet Communism with Nazi crimes. The concern here is that some countries have
    attempted to deflect attention from the complicity of their wartime governments in the Holocaust, using this as a cynical attempt to avoid liability for compensation to Jewish victims. The crimes that
    Communist governments committed against their people should be explored and the perpetrators prosecuted, but it is important that countries acknowledge their role in the Holocaust and do not
    attempt to dismiss a very troubled period in their history by reference to what happened under Communism.
    At times, a related trope is that many leading Communists were Jews and so the Jews as a whole are complicit in the crimes of Communism. The rationale continues that, as such, Jews in general do not
    deserve sympathy or compensation for what they suffered during the Holocaust. But the fact that some Jews were leading Communists did not leave Jews – as a corporate entity – with the wealth of the subjugated people in the same way that Nazi expropriation of Jewish property remains in the hands of some states.
    Commitment: MEPs should challenge their European colleagues on these narratives that seek to minimise or downplay the Holocaust.

    and section 3.2 on restitution
    In Croatia and Latvia, the relevant legislation has been delayed. In Romania, the processing of claims and payments has been extremely slow. Recent legislation risks further delays and reductions in
    compensation payments. In Hungary, discussions continue about restitution for heirless and hitherto unclaimed property formerly owned by Jews. Poland has one of the worst records on restitution of
    private property. It back-tracked on some of the commitments it made at the 2009 Terezin Conference, and was the only one of the 47 countries not to send a delegate to the 2012 Prague Conference.
    The great injustice about the delays in restitution payments mean that some of the Holocaust’s victims will pass away without ever seeing their property returned.
    Commitment: MEPs should use the moral authority of their position to call for a just and speedy conclusion to the issue of restitution across Europe and to press the institutions of the European Union to do the same

    2014  Juergen Hobrecht in Berlin in dialogue with Latvian Ambassador in Berlin

     English translation by Monica Lowenberg sent by German film maker Jürgen Hobrecht to the Latvian ambassador in Berlin.

    Dear Mrs. Japina,

    On the 25 May, 2013, I sent you my documentary, “Wir haben es doch erlebt — Das Ghetto von Riga“.  On the 10 July, 2013, I went in person to the embassy, to personally give you the documentary; as you stated that it had not arrived on two occasions. As you were not available, an exchange took place on the sidewalk, in front of the embassy building.
    I had hoped to give you, as embassy representative, a film that is the first of its kind to tell, worldwide, the story of the Riga Ghetto. In addition, I had suggested that the film be shown as part of the program that celebrates, in 2014, with Riga as Capital of European Culture.
    Despite repeated telephone inquiries and letters I have to date not heard from you.
    I am not aware, if, as part of your diplomatic duties for your country, you have publicised the film or if you have forwarded it on to Riga. I do not know where you have placed the film or of any attempts made to screen the film this year.
    I would like to mention how truly astonished I am at the manner in which you have handled this matter. I would be grateful if you would now officially state whether there are any plans to screen the film in 2014 in Riga.
    Furthermore, I would like to know what the official opinion is regarding the planned SS legionnaires, so-called “veterans “march, scheduled for  16 of March 2014.
    Is it, incidentally, your opinion that such an event is compatible with Riga being European Capital of Culture?
    Yours sincerely,
    Jürgen Hobrecht

Monday 23 March 2014

Dr Efraim Zuroff of the Simon Wiesenthal Centre, Israel speaks to Basil Herwald

After Ukraine... why do those Baltic states glorify Nazism? 

Monday 7-8pm on Salford City Radio 94.4FM and online

You can listen to  Salford City Radio live, 94.4FM, 7-8pm and the SCR website, and for a week following the show by going to the Jewish Hour page on the Salford City Radio website and clicking on "Listen again":      


Mass-media about the Waffen SS march in Riga
1.     Der Standart, 12.03.14.
“Lettische Regierung verbietet sich Teilnahme an SS-Gedenken”
2.     Salzburger Nachrichten
“Lettische SS-Veteranen marschieren in Riga”
3.     Der Standart
“Ehemaliger Auschwitz-Sanitäter festgenomme”
4.     Der Kurier
   “Wiederbetäti­gung: Freispruch für Ex-FP-Pressesprecher”
5.     Tiroler Tageszeitung
“Lettische SS-Veteranen marschierten erneut in Riga”
“В Риге проходят «марш легионеров» и акции антифашистов”
7.     NewEurope
“MEP slams Latvian SS veterans march”
8.     The Guardian
“Latvia minister faces sack in Nazi memorial row”
9.     Huffington Post
“A Wake-up Call to Lithuania and Brussels to the Growth of Fascist Ideology and Anti-Semitism”
10.            The Jewish Cronicle
“Vilnius, March 11: my date with raw hate”
11.            Defending History
“British MEP Richard Howitt, European Parliament Spokesperson on Human Rights, Issues Statement on Riga Waffen SS March”
12.            Блог Моники Ловенберг
«Speak No Evil»
13.             Demontix
“Latvian Waffen SS Legion Day remembrance procession held in Riga”
14.             BBC
     «В Риге вновь прошло шествие в память легионеров СС»
15.            Информационное агентство AFP
“Parade lettischer Veteranen der Waffen-SS durch Riga”
16.            Handelsblatt
“Veteranen der Waffen-SS ziehen durch Riga”
17.            Hamburger Abendblatt
    “Lettische Veteranen der Waffen-SS paradieren in Riga”
18.            Die Zeit
“Parade lettischer Veteranen der Waffen-SS durch Riga”
19.             Neues Deutschlandб 14.03.14.
«Zeichen der Solidarität»
20.             Neues Deutschland
International gegen SS-Verherrlichung
21.             Die Welt
“Wir hatten nur die SS – und die Rote Armee”
"Wir hatten nur die SS – und die Rote Armee"
23.             Junge Welt
“Marsch für Waffen-SS”
24.             Junge Welt
“Junge Verherrlicher der SS-Tradition”
25.             Junge Welt
“Antifa nach Lettland!”
26.             Nordbayerischer Kurier
“ Lettische SS-Veteranen marschieren erneut in der Stadt”
27.             Ad Hoc News

      “Jährliche Kundgebung in Lettland: Veteranen der Waffen-SS ziehen durch Riga “

“Dortmunder Delegation beim Veteranenmarsch in Riga”
30.             VVN-BDA.DE (антифашистский сайт «Vereinigung der Verfolgten des Naziregimes Bund der Antifaschistinnen und Antifaschisten»)
     «Antifaschistischer Protest gegen SS-Veteranen-Aufmarsch in Riga»
31.             VVN-BDA.DE

       Am „Tag der Legionäre“: Blumen für die Waffen-SS?

32.             Stimme Russland

           “Ehemalige SS-Legionäre marschieren durch Riga”







37.      Red Globe

      “Protest gegen Naziprovokation in Riga”



"Liberation Fighters" and "Occupier"

39.             Annika Muller

     “Blumen fur die Waffen SS”


40.             The Jerusalem Post
«Baltic marches to a dangerous drum», 18 марта
41.             Haaretz
“Latvians honor Nazi allies from World War II”
42.             The Times of Israel
Latvian minister to be fired for supporting SS vets”
43.             Israel7

      «Парад в Риге – «надругательство над памятью жертв нацизма»

44.             Journal de Montreal
45.             Gulf Times
     “Govt wary as Latvia’s Waffen SS veterans march”
46. The Baltic Times
March 16 memorial day plans fought in court”
«В Риге состоялось традиционное шествие легионеров Ваффен СС»
48. MixTv

      Шествие легионеров Waffen SS в Риге 16.03.2014



50.             “Антифашистский комитет нашел место для проведения конференции”

51.             «Рижские отели отказались принимать антифашистскую конференцию»

52.             «TV3: антифашисты с городского канала сыграют легионерам советские песни»

53.             «Министр Цилинскис намерен участвовать в шествии легионеров 16 марта»

54.             “Антифашисты установили виселицу с чучелом Арайса и Цукурса (ВИДЕО)”





58.             «Историк о 16 марта: все имеют право на все»

59.             “Лидер антифашистов: мы не собирались использовать лодки”







     “Линда Абу Мери не пустила антифашистов в свою гостиницу”

66.  Кюзис: 16 марта ожидается особая ситуация”
67.             Антифашистов загнали на задворки - неужели власти их боятся?”

68.             Кузинс: если суд запретит 16 марта звукоусилители, привлечем хор”

69.              16 марта Полиция безопасности ждет зарубежных "гостей"
70.Берзиньш призывает не мешать старикам вспомнить павших 16 марта”
71.Президент призвал не использовать 16 марта для провокаций”
73.16 марта в фотографиях: флаги, виселицы, ограждения и цветы”
74.Страуюме понятно желание Цилинскиса отметить 16 марта”
75.Экс-премьер: министрам нечего делать у Милды 16 марта”
76.Кажоциньш: такого опасного 16 марта в Латвии еще не было”
77.Цилинскис отправлен в отставку за намерение участвовать в мероприятиях 16 марта”
78.«Две тысячи человек участвовали в шествии легионеров»
79. «Холодное утро 16 марта в Риге - взгляд и мнение простого очевидца» (ФОТО, ВИДЕО)
80.             «Опрос: половина жителей Латвии поддерживает чествование легионеров»
81.             Народная дипломатия на повышенных тонах”

      «Президент: государственным лицам не место на мероприятиях 16 марта»

83.             «Козловскис призвал игнорировать 16 марта»

84.             «Латвийские украинцы просят не использовать 16 марта флаг Украины»

85.             «Полиция: 16 марта в Риге пока проходит без инцидентов»

86.             LETA Agency

14.03.14. DP: "Pasaules bez nacisma" aktīvisti no Latvijas iesaistīti Krieviju atbalstošos informatīvajos pasākumos Krimā

87.             Вести Сегодня, 17.03.14. , стр.2

     «Обделались легким испугом»

88.             Вести сегодня, 18.03.14., стр.4


89.             Вести сегодня, 18.03.14., стр.9

      «Зуров хочет правды»

90.             Вести сегодня, 18.03.14., стр.9

«Конгрессмен с Брайтон-Бич: тот, кто разъединяет – проигрывает»

91.             Вести сегодня

«Шествие памяти легионеров прошло почти спокойно”


“DP: «Pasaules bez nacisma» aktīvisti no Latvijas iesaistīti pasākumos Krimā “


“Спецслужба: латвийских активистов привлекли для поддержки Крыма”
Александр Мирский: «Латышский Ваффен СС - в стойло !»
95.             «Корен и немцы»
96.             «Антифашисты Риги», части 1-8

     “Спикер Европарламента сделал заявление о «шествии легионеров»

Марш легионеров СС в Риге проходил на фоне виселиц”
99.             Latvijas reitingi

      “Участница марша легионеров поблагодарила полицию за блестящую работу”


100.        The Daily Star
“Tight security as Latvian 'Nazi' veterans march”

101.        Le Quotidien

    “Défilé des anciens Waffen SS à Riga”
102.        Elsevier
     “Letse SS-veteranen marcheren door Riga, minister loopt mee”
103.        ИТАР-ТАСС

      «МИД РФ о марше ветеранов СС в Риге: поклонникам нацизма не место в цивилизованном мире»

104.        «Антифашисты выступили с акциями протеста против шествия легионеров Waffen-SS в Риге»

105.       Взгляд. Деловая газета.
«Марш ветеранов «Ваффен СС» прошел в Риге»
106.        РИА «Новости»
«МИД России считает позором шествие легионеров СС в Риге»
107.        “Семь человек были задержаны во время шествия легионеров СС в Риге”
108.         Более тысячи человек приняли участие в шествии легионеров СС”
109.         Интерфакс
     В Риге состоялось шествие памяти латышских легионеров”
110.        ИноTV
“Власти Латвии мешают антифашистам протестовать против «Ваффен-СС»”
111.        Ритм Евразии
      «Трудно быть антифашистом»
112.        Вести.Ру

     «В Риге в память латышских легионеров войск СС провели шествие»

113.         Легионеры СС прошли маршем по Риге”

114.        Свободная пресса

      «Легионеры СС на грани паранойи»

115.        ЦентрАзия
«Последний парад? В Риге прошел марш ветеранов Ваффен СС»
116.        Новости
“В Риге пройдет шествие легионеров СС”
117.        Эхо Москвы
«В Риге пройдет традиционное шествие легионеров Ваффен СС»
118.       «…Для одних латышский легион Waffen SS - это национальные герои, сражавшиеся за независимую Латвию, для других – приспешники Гитлера, на руках которых кровь жертв рижского гетто…»
119.        ИА REX
“16 марта – Рига и Крым: парад нацистов или свобода / Евгений Осипов”
120.       Взгляд
          «Около 2 тысяч человек приняли участие в прошедших в Риге мероприятиях 16 марта, который в республике неофициально отмечают как день памяти латышского легиона «Ваффен СС».
121.       «МИД назвал позором шествие легионеров СС в Риге»
122.       РБК

         «Шествие легионеров CC в Риге завершилось перепалкой с антифашистами»


         «В столице Латвии прошло традиционное шествие, посвященное памяти легионеров»

124.       Московский комсомолец (МК)
         «Российский МИД назвал позором шествие неонацистов и легионеров СС в Риге»
125.       NewsRu
        На традиционном шествии латышских легионеров CC жгли чучела и вспоминали Украину”
126.        DP.RU
“В шествии легионеров СС в центре Риги приняли участие более тысячи человек”
127.       KM.Ru
         “Латвийского министра уволили за намерение участвовать в нацистском марше”
128.       InfoRos

        «В Риге прошел марш легионеров СС”

129.        Телерадиокомпания «Звезда»
«Тысяча легионеров СС и их сторонники-радикалы вышли на улицы Риги». ВИДЕО
130.        День Х
«В центре Риги прошло шествие легионеров СС»
131.       Аргументы.ру

         «Латвия. Послесловие к 16 марта»

132.       Информационный портал «Окно в Россию»

         «Торжество здравого смысла и юбилей мракобесия»


          “Шествие памяти латышских легионеров СС прошло в Риге”

134.       MSN-новости
          «Вице-мэр Риги назвал искусственной датой День легионера СС»

         “Пять человек арестованы во время шествия легионеров СС в Риге”

136.       Информационное агентство FlashNord

          “Около тысячи человек приняли участие в шествии легионеров СС в Риге”


137.       Информационное агентство «Регнум»

          «Ученый: 16 марта нуждается в смене формата (Латвия)»

138.       Комсомольская правда

        «Ветераны СС вновь прошлись по Риге»

139.       «Легионеров СС охраняли в столице Латвии сотни полицейских»

140.       Росбалт

         «В столице Латвии прошло шествие памяти легионеров СС»

141.       Russia Today
“Latvian ministers boycott march of Waffen-SS veterans”
142.        Russia Today
“Latvia: Waffen SS Nazi allies march through centre of Riga”
143.        In
     “Latvia: Waffen SS veterans march in Riga” –  16 марта 2014
144.        Webnoviny
     “Obrazom: Lotyši si uctili veteránov z tamojšej Waffen SS”
145.       The Republic
        “Latvians march in memory of veterans who fought with the Nazis during WWII”
146.       The State (South Carolina)
       “Latvians honor Nazi allies from World War II”
147.       The StarPhoenix
       “Latvians hold march for veterans who fought alongside Nazis” –
148.       12 KFVS
       “Latvians honor Nazi allies from World War II”
149.        Reuters
“Citing Ukraine, Latvia warns against SS veterans march”
“Latvians Who Fought with Nazis Hold Annual March”
151.        The Chron (Houston)
“Latvians honor Nazi allies from World War II”
152.       ГК – социальная сеть

«В Риге прошел марш ветеранов СС»

153.       ВВС (Вести, версии, события)
         «В Риге побили легионеров CC»
154.        Le Figaro, 16.03.14.
« D'anciens Waffen SS lettons défilent à Riga »
155.       Le Parisien
       « Lettonie: des anciens combattants des Waffen SS défilent à Riga»,
156.                   L’Humanite
       «C'est un scandale! En Lettonie, les collabos des nazis se pavanent »
157.       Zonebourse
       “Défilé sous tension d'anciens Waffen SS lettons à Riga”


158.       L’histoire en rafale

  Les vétérans SS de Lettonie ont défilé à Riga

159.       Baselerandschafliche Zeitung
“Lettische SS-Veteranen marschieren erneut in Riga”
160.        Blick Online
         “LettlandLettische SS-Veteranen marschieren erneut in Riga”
161.        Neue Zuricher Zeitung
Umstrittener NS-Gedenkmarsch in Riga”
162.       HD
       “Waffen SS-manifestation i Riga”

Crooning about Cukurs (published on You Tube 16 July 2014) and  soon to be shown in the European designated Cultural Capital Riga!

Banalisation of butchery reaches a new low note in Latvia. Former member of the notorious Arajs commando Herbert Cukurs is glorified in latest show stopper . One can only assume that 'Romance in Rumbula', 'Singalong Viktor' and 'Reaching Fever Pitch' will become hot favourites soon.

For the facts around Cukurs and his heinous crimes see:    The mass murderer as Hero  by Dr Efraim Zuroff    It is shame that Cukurs' many heinous crimes were never presented to a court of law, but at least he was  not able to escape punishment  18 August 2014